Backhoes are some of the handiest pieces of equipment—serving a wide variety of applications. However, when they break down, this can bring work to a grinding halt—sometimes literally! However, understanding the most common problems can help you not only prevent them from happening but also how to quickly remedy them if they rear their ugly head.
The purpose of this quick guide is to help you understand some common problems with backhoes, why they occur, and how to get you back to work faster.
Overheating is a common problem with backhoes. It could be caused by a number of problems ranging from a failing water pump, a blocked radiator, or a broken thermostat. If overheating happens too frequently or temperatures get too hot, this can cause major damage to several components.
Lucky for you, regular maintenance checks of the relevant component items can help prevent overheating. If your backhoe is consistently overheating, it may be time to replace these parts before they do greater damage.
Hydraulic problems in backhoes can shut a job down real quick. Such hydraulic issues can result from worn-out seals, air bubbles in the hydraulic fluid, insufficient fluid, or a malfunctioning hydraulic pump.
Regular inspection of the hydraulic system and replacing old hydraulic fluid can keep your machine running smoothly. Also, don’t underestimate the power of a good old oil change and filter check. Doing these can make a significant difference in the performance of your backhoe.
Backhoes, like any other machine, can suffer from engine problems. A dirty air filter, low-quality fuel, or worn-out spark plugs could be to blame. Also, if it's been a while since your last oil change, it could be as simple as that!
Regular engine servicing and using high-quality fuel can improve your backhoe's performance.
If you want to make your backhoe’s tires last as long as you can, it pays to take care of them. However, what the heck does that mean?
Well, realize that incorrect tire pressure, poor wheel alignment, or frequent use on rough terrain can lead to premature tire wear. Also, changing temperatures can do a number on your tire’s pressure and overall performance.
Regular tire inspections, proper inflation for the temperature, and alignment checks can help to increase the lifespan of your tires.
The boom of your backhoe could face issues like wear and tear, hydraulic leaks, or structural damage.
Ways to remedy boom issues can range from using the proper attachments for the job, not overloading the boom, regular boom lubrication, and avoiding damage due to collision.
Regular inspection, immediate repair of leaks, and avoiding overloading can help in preventing these problems. When in doubt, consult the manufacturer’s recommendations for how to maintain and repair your backhoe’s boom for proper function.
Additional Tips on Backhoe Maintenance
If you’re in need of more niche assistance with your backhoe, Case Construction has published their Backhoe Maintenance 101 guide which addresses concerns with diesel exhaust fluid, oil, fluid testing, engine idling, telematics, and more.
If your backhoe consistently faces the above issues or if the cost of repair exceeds the machine's value, it may be time to consider a replacement. But you may not need to buy a brand new backhoe, especially if you don’t plan on heavily using it. A well-maintained, used backhoe can often provide as much utility as a new one—without the hefty price tag.
Buying vs. Leasing a Backhoe
If you have determined that it makes sense to seek out a replacement backhoe, it is worth considering whether leasing or buying your next backhoe makes the most sense. For this reason, we’re put together your comprehensive guide to buying versus leasing construction equipment.
For those facing frequent backhoe problems or considering a backhoe replacement, visit our 'Backhoes for Sale' page on My Little Salesman. Our extensive inventory of new and used backhoes, as well as backhoe parts, can provide the solution to your heavy equipment needs.
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